Major DeFi Protocols

Decentralized Finance (DeFi) protocols are blockchain-based platforms that offer financial services without traditional intermediaries. Here are some examples of DeFi protocols:


Lido is a liquid staking solution for Ethereum and other Proof-of-Stake (PoS) blockchains. It allows users to stake their assets without locking them up, providing liquidity through staked derivatives (like stETH for Ethereum) that can be used in other DeFi applications. As of 24 May 2024, Lido is the largest liquid staking service provider, Total Value Locked is about 104.9bn USD, accoarding to DeFiLlama.

Key Features:

• Liquid Staking: Users can stake their assets without locking them up, receiving staked derivatives (e.g., stETH for Ethereum).

• Flexibility: These derivatives can be used in other DeFi applications, providing liquidity and earning additional yields.

• Decentralization: Lido spreads staked assets across multiple validators, reducing the risk of centralization.

• Governance: The Lido DAO governs the protocol, with token holders voting on key decisions.



Eigenlayer is a decentralized protocol designed to increase the security of blockchain networks by enabling users to restake their assets. It allows stakers to secure multiple networks simultaneously, enhancing their returns while contributing to the overall security of various blockchains. Total Value Locked is about 18.1bn USD as of 24 May 2024 (Data source: DeFiLlama).

Key Features:

• Restaking: Users can secure multiple networks simultaneously, increasing their staking rewards.

• Security: By enabling cross-chain staking, Eigenlayer enhances the security and stability of participating blockchains.

• Flexibility: Supports various PoS blockchains and staking models.

• Governance: Community-driven governance model for protocol updates and decisions.



AAVE is a decentralized finance (DeFi) protocol that allows users to lend and borrow cryptocurrencies. Lenders can earn interest by providing liquidity to the protocol, while borrowers can obtain loans by collateralizing their assets. AAVE also features a native token (AAVE) used for governance and staking. Total Value Locked on AAVE reached 12.6bn USD according to DeFiLlama, 24 May 2024.

Key Features:

• Lending/Borrowing: Users can lend their assets to earn interest or borrow assets by collateralizing their holdings.

• Flash Loans: Unique feature allowing instant, unsecured loans that must be repaid within the same transaction.

• AAVE Token: Used for governance and staking, allowing token holders to participate in decision-making and earn rewards.

• Diverse Assets: Supports a wide range of cryptocurrencies and stablecoins.



Uniswap is a decentralized exchange (DEX) originally built on the Ethereum blockchain. It uses an automated market-making (AMM) system to enable the swapping of ERC-20 tokens without the need for a centralized order book. Users can provide liquidity to pools and earn fees from trades. 24 hours trading volume on Uniswap is around 5.5bn USD according to DeFiLlama data, 24 May 2024.

Key Features:

• AMM System: Automated market-making algorithm allows for decentralized trading without a centralized order book.

• Liquidity Pools: Users can provide liquidity and earn fees from trades.

• Permissionless: Anyone can list a new token or create a new liquidity pool.

• UNI Token: Governance token allowing holders to vote on protocol changes and improvements.



Pendle Finance is a DeFi protocol that focuses on tokenizing and trading future yield. It allows users to split their yield-bearing assets into principal and yield components, enabling separate trading of these parts. This innovation helps users hedge, speculate, and manage yield more effectively. As of 24 May 2024, Total Value locked on Pendle is about 5.7bn USD according to DeFiLlama.

Key Features:

• Yield Tokenization: Splits yield-bearing assets into principal and yield components for separate trading.

• Yield Markets: Allows users to buy and sell future yield, enabling hedging and speculation.

• Flexible Yield Management: Users can optimize their yield strategies based on market conditions.

• Integration: Works with various yield-generating protocols and assets.



MakerDAO is a decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) on the Ethereum blockchain that facilitates the creation and management of DAI, a decentralized stablecoin. DAI aims to maintain a stable value pegged to the US dollar through a system of collateralized debt positions (CDPs). As of 24 May 2024, MakerDao has issued total 5.2bn USD worth of DAI (Data source: DeFiLlama).

Key Features:

• DAI Stablecoin: Decentralized, pegged to the USD, used across various DeFi platforms.

• Collateralized Debt Positions (CDPs): Users lock collateral (like ETH) to generate DAI.

• Decentralized Governance: MKR token holders vote on key decisions, such as risk parameters and upgrades.

• Stability Mechanisms: Includes the Target Rate Feedback Mechanism (TRFM) and Global Settlement.

• Integration with DeFi: Widely adopted and integrated into various DeFi protocols for lending, borrowing, and trading.

• Security: Regular audits and transparent operations ensure system integrity.



dYdX is a decentralized exchange (DEX) offering advanced trading features, including margin trading, perpetual contracts, and spot trading on dYdX chain. According to DeFiLlama as of 24 May 2024, the 24 hours derivaties trading volume on dYdX is around 2.2bn USD.

Key Features:

• Perpetual Contracts: Enables trading of perpetual futures contracts without an expiration date.

• Margin Trading: Allows users to trade with leverage, amplifying potential gains and losses.

• Decentralized Governance: DYDX token holders can participate in governance decisions and protocol upgrades.

• Low Fees: Efficient fee structure, making trading cost-effective.

• Liquidity Mining: Users can earn rewards for providing liquidity and participating in trading activities.

• Security: Emphasizes strong security measures, including smart contract audits and robust risk management.


Ondo Finance

Ondo Finance is a DeFi protocol focused on providing liquidity as a service, connecting liquidity providers with yield-seeking investors. It offers structured products like fixed and variable yield tranches to meet different risk appetites.

Key Features:

• Liquidity Vaults: Allows users to deposit assets into vaults that are managed to generate yield.

• Tranche Structure: Offers fixed yield (senior tranche) and variable yield (junior tranche) products, catering to different risk preferences.

• Integration with DeFi: Works with various DeFi platforms to optimize yield and manage risk.

• Decentralized Governance: ONDO token holders can vote on protocol parameters and governance proposals.

• Yield Optimization: Uses algorithmic strategies to maximize returns for liquidity providers and investors.

• Security: Implements rigorous security measures, including smart contract audits and transparent operations.



Renzo is a DeFi project that provides a platform for decentralized asset management. It offers tools for creating, managing, and investing in decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs) that can manage diverse portfolios of crypto assets, optimizing returns through collective decision-making.

Key Features:

• DAO Management: Tools for creating, managing, and investing in decentralized autonomous organizations.

• Portfolio Diversification: Allows DAOs to manage diverse portfolios of crypto assets.

• Collective Decision-Making: Enhances decision-making through community governance.

• Optimized Returns: Aims to maximize returns through collaborative asset management.


Curve Finance

Curve Finance is a decentralized exchange optimized for stablecoin trading. It uses a unique AMM algorithm designed to minimize slippage and fees when trading stablecoins or assets with similar values. Curve is widely used for its efficient trading and high-yield liquidity pools.

Key Features:

• Stablecoin Trading: Minimizes slippage and fees when trading stablecoins or assets with similar values.

• AMM Algorithm: Uses a unique algorithm designed for efficient stablecoin swaps.

• High-Yield Pools: Provides high yields for liquidity providers through efficient pool design.

• CRV Token: Governance token for protocol decisions and incentives for liquidity providers.


These protocols represent a diverse range of DeFi applications, from decentralized trading and lending to yield optimization and synthetic asset creation. They form the foundation of the rapidly growing DeFi ecosystem.